China's Vision of Development and Democracy:
Put People First and Promote People's All-round Development in Pursuit of Equity and Justice
Development is the eternal pursuit of human society. Yet the ravaging COVID-19 and unbalanced global economic recovery have hit developing countries and the impoverished people the hardest, posing new challenges to social equity, justice and world peace and developmentas an issue of growing concern. As the largest developing country in the world, China has made long-standing efforts to promote the all-round development of the people and uphold and advance social equity and justice with remarkable achievements. Here I would like to share some of the most important experience China has gained in this area.
To promote the all-round development of the people and advance social equity and justice, we need to build a truly democratic system.
Democracy, a shared value of humanity, is a key tenet unswervingly upheld by the CPC and the Chinese people. To judge whether a system is democratic or not, the yardstick should be whether it can represent the overall and fundamental interests of the people. Democracy is not a slogan, nor an ornament for decoration. True democracy should reflect people's will, embody people's interests, protect the people's rights and benefits, and promote people's welfare.
In China, democracy is practiced through the system of people's congresses and the system of political consultation which suit China's national conditions and have enabled the Chinese people to exercise state power and participate in the political life of the country.
Chinese democracy is a whole-process democracy, which has not only a complete set of institutions and procedures, but also the full participation of the people in day-to-day political activities, including democratic elections, political consultation, decision-making and supervision. It protects the people's interests in both the process and end results, combines procedural and substantive democracy, direct and indirect democracy, and integrates people's democracy with the state will, making the people the true masters of the country.
To promote the all-round development of the people and advance social equity and justice, we need to achieve sustainable economic and social development.
When the People's Republic of China was founded, it was one of the poorest countries in the world. Over the past 72 years, under the leadership of the CPC and with the concerted efforts and hard work of the Chinese people, the New China has blazed a path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and achieved remarkable success in national development. It has finished within several decades the industrialization process that took developed countries several hundred years to finish, built the world's second largest economy, and completed the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects. It has eliminated abject poverty, built the world's largest middle-income group,put in place the world's largest social safety net and compulsory education system, and raised the life expectancy of Chinese citizens from 35 years in 1949 to 77.3 in 2019, giving the Chinese people one of the highest sense of security and self-fulfillment in the world.
To promote the all-round development of the people and advance social equity and justice, we need to make the cake bigger and more importantly distribute it better.
China is now focused on resolving the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life. Taking development as the top priority, we are working hard to build a new paradigm of development for quality growth by following a new development vision of innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development. In seeking development, we are committed to putting the people first, and pursuing common prosperity through quality growth. As President Xi Jinping has pointed out, no one should be left out in building the moderately prosperous society in all respects, and no one should be left behind in building common prosperity.
To that end, we are doing our utmost to strike a balance between efficiency and equity by putting in place a well-coordinated and integrated system of primary, secondary and tertiary distribution and strengthening the adjustment role of taxation, social security and transfer payments, so as to ensure that the whole population will march towards prosperity together. We take seriously and work hard to meet people's growing demands for better democracy, rule of law, equity and justice, and better security and environment, and have made great efforts to modernize governance system and capability, promote people's all-round development, and meet their expectation for a better life.
In this globalized world where countries are increasingly interconnected and traditional and non-traditional issues intertwined, the fate and future of all countries are linked up like never before.
China believes that global governance should be carried out by all countries together on the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits. We need to pull together to meet global challenges of all kinds and make our world an open, inclusive, clean and beautiful place with enduring peace, universal security and common prosperity.
Countries differ in national conditions and culture. It is desirable that they engage in cooperation and dialogue on the basis of equality and mutual respect. A world of peace and development should embrace civilizations of diverse forms, and accommodate different paths to modernization. One country's success does not mean failure or decline of another country, and the world is big enough to accommodate the common development and progress of all countries. What we need in today's world is equity and justice, not hegemony. We need to pursue dialogue and inclusiveness over confrontation and exclusion, build a new type of international relations based on mutual respect, equity, justice and win-win cooperation. We need to safeguard world peace and security, and promote human rights, especially people's right to development, to create an enabling environment for the development of all countries.
Humankind is a community with a shared future. True development is development for all and good development is sustainable. We human beings need to live in harmony with nature, by actively responding to climate change, promoting green and low-carbon transition, and building a community of all lives on Earth. China will strive to peak its carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060, and continue to support developing countries in developing green and low-carbon energies.
With COVID-19 still raging unabated, all countries need to step up cooperation in fighting the pandemic to jointly overcome this challenge. In the face of the bumpy and sluggish world economic recovery and the headwinds against economic globalization, countries should also deepen global development partnership and move more quickly to implement the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development so as to build a global community of development with a shared future.
China will continue to deepen reform, firmly promote high-standard opening up, advance green development, promote high-quality cooperation on Belt and Road, and share our development opportunities with the rest of the world. We will continue to step up communication and coordination with other countries on macroeconomic policies, firmly oppose unilateralism and protectionism, and work with other countries to build an open world economy, and advance globalization in a way that is more open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all, so that all humanity will enjoy a better future.